Proliferation of mouse endometrial stromal cells in culture is highly sensitive to lysophosphatidic acid signaling

Shizu Aikawa, Kuniyuki Kano, Asuka Inoue, Junken Aoki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Endometrial stromal cells (ESCs) proliferate rapidly both in vivo and in vitro. Here we show that proliferation of ESCs in vitro is strongly dependent on lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) signaling. LPA is produced by autotaxin (ATX) and induces various kinds of cellular processes including migration, proliferation and inhibition of cell death possibly through six G protein-coupled receptors (LPA1-6). We found that ESCs proliferated rapidly in vitro in an autocrine manner and that the proliferation was prominently suppressed by either an ATX inhibitor (ONO-8430506) or an LPA1/3 antagonist (Ki16425). Among the cells lines tested, mouse ESCs were the most sensitive to these inhibitors. Proliferation of ESCs isolated from either LPA1- or LPA3-deficient mice was comparable to proliferation of ESCs isolated from control mice. An LPA receptor antagonist (AM095), which was revealed to be a dual LPA1/LPA3 antagonist, also suppressed the proliferation of ESCs. The present results show that LPA signaling has a critical role in the proliferation of ESCs, and that this role is possibly mediated redundantly by LPA1 and LPA3.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)202-208
Number of pages7
JournalBiochemical and biophysical research communications
Volume484
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Feb 26

Keywords

  • Autotaxin
  • Endometrial stromal cell
  • G protein-coupled receptor
  • Lysophosphatidic acid
  • Primary culture

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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