Progression of experimental focal glomerulosclerosis in the spontaneously hypertensive rat

T. Saito, H. Sato, K. Obara, K. Yamakage, K. Abe, T. Furuyama, K. Yoshinaga

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To study the influence of hypertension on the progession of focal glomerulosclerosis (FGS), we produced an experimental model of FGS in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) by the combined administration of puromycinaminonucleoside (AMNS) and protamine sulfate (PS). SHRs and normotensive Wistar Kyoto rats as a control strain were given daily injections of subcutaneous AMNS (1 mg/100 gm body weight) and intravenous PS (two separated doses of 2.5 mg/100 body weight) for 4 days; they were killed on day 80 after three series of injections at 10-day intervals. The levels of urinary protein, serum creatinine, and urea nitrogen in SHRs given AMNS and PS were elevated throughout the experiment and were significantly higher than these levels in other control groups on day 80. Histology in SHRs given AMNS and PS showed advanced FGS associated with glomerular hypertrophy and widespread interstitial fibrosis. Most small arteries and arterioles showed 'onion peel' thickening and fibrinoid necrosis of the intima, which is characteristic of malignant arteriosclerosis. We observed that the gradient of glomerulosclerosis increased from superficial to deep cortical zones; this phenomenon had often been reported in human FGS. However, these distinguished lesions were not found in control groups. Therefore, it is suggested that systemic hypertension is one of the deleterious factors enhancing histologic and functional deterioration in FGS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)165-173
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1990

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine


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