Prograde infiltration of Cl-rich fluid into the granulitic continental crust from a collision zone in East Antarctica (Perlebandet, Sør Rondane Mountains)

Tetsuo Kawakami, Fumiko Higashino, Etienne Skrzypek, M. Satish-Kumar, Geoffrey Grantham, Noriyoshi Tsuchiya, Masahiro Ishikawa, Shuhei Sakata, Takafumi Hirata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Utilizing microstructures of Cl-bearing biotite in pelitic and felsic metamorphic rocks, the timing of Cl-rich fluid infiltration is correlated with the pressure-temperature-time (P-T-t) path of upper amphibolite- to granulite-facies metamorphic rocks from Perlebandet, Sør Rondane Mountains (SRM), East Antarctica. Microstructural observation indicates that the stable Al2SiO5 polymorph changed from sillimanite to kyanite + andalusite + sillimanite, and P-T estimates from geothermobarometry point to a counterclockwise P-T path characteristic of the SW terrane of the SRM. In situ laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry for U–Pb dating of zircon inclusions in garnet yielded ca. 580 Ma, likely representing the age of garnet-forming metamorphism at Perlebandet. Inclusion-host relationships among garnet, sillimanite, and Cl-rich biotite (Cl > 0.4 wt%) reveal that formation of Cl-rich biotite took place during prograde metamorphism in the sillimanite stability field. This process probably predated partial melting consuming biotite (Cl = 0.1–0.3 wt%). This was followed by retrograde, moderately Cl-bearing biotite (Cl = 0.1–0.3 wt%) replacing garnet. Similar timings of Cl-rich biotite formation in different samples, and similar f(H2O)/f(HCl) values of coexisting fluid estimated for each stage can be best explained by prograde Cl-rich fluid infiltration. Fluid-present partial melting at the onset of prograde metamorphism probably contributed to elevate the Cl concentration (and possibly salinity) of the fluid, and consumption of the fluid resulted in the progress of dehydration melting. The retrograde fluid was released from crystallizing Cl-bearing partial melts or derived externally. The prograde Cl-rich fluid infiltration in Perlebandet presumably took place at the uppermost part of the footwall of the collision boundary. Localized distribution of Cl-rich biotite and hornblende along large-scale shear zones and detachments in the SRM supports external input of Cl-rich fluids through tectonic boundaries during continental collision.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)73-92
Number of pages20
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Mar 1


  • AlSiO polymorphs
  • Brine
  • Chlorine
  • Continental collision
  • Fluid
  • Partial melting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology
  • Geochemistry and Petrology


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