Prognostic value of nucleolar protein p120 in patients with resected lung adenocarcinoma

George Sato, Yasuo Saijo, Bine Uchiyama, Nobuko Kumano, Shun Ichi Sugawara, Shigefumi Fujimura, Masami Sato, Motoyasu Sagawa, Kazuhiro Ohkuda, Kaoru Koike, Yuko Minami, Ken Satoh, Toshihiro Nukiwa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: In this study was investigated the prognostic significance of proliferation-associated nucleolar protein p120 in primary resected lung adenocarcinoma because it reflects tumor growth fractions in vitro. Patients and Methods: Expression levels of p120 in tumors were assessed by immunohistochemistry in 74 patients who underwent radical resection. With clinical follow-up data, the prognostic significance of p120 calculated by labeling indices was evaluated using the Cox proportional hazards model. Results: p120 protein was clearly detected in nucleoli of adenocarcinoma cells. Its expression levels widely varied in each sample from 8.5% to 67.2%, with a mean ±SD of 35.2% ± 15.1%. No significant correlation was found between expression levels of p120 and clinicopathology factors. However, the expression levels of p120 were negatively correlated with the tumor doubling time calculated with retrospective chest roentgenograms. Using a cutoff value of 35% in the labeling index of p120, patients with high expression of p120 experienced early recurrence and shorter survival compared with those who had low expression of p120. Multivariate analysis showed that p120 served as an independent, as well as the strongest, prognostic factor for resected lung adenocarcinoma. Conclusion: This report provides the first evidence that expression levels of p120 in tumor tissue can be used as an independent and powerful prognostic marker for resected lung adenocarcinoma.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2721-2727
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical Oncology
Volume17
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1999 Sep 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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