Prognostic significance of self-measurements of blood pressure

Yutaka Imai, Pascal Poncelet, Marc DeBuyzere, Paul L. Padfield, Gert A. Van Montfrans

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


Background. Self-measurements of blood pressure may offer some advantage in diagnostic and therapeutic evaluation and in management of patients. However, the most important limitation of self-measurement is that there are limited data available about the prognostic value of this information. Results. Authors of several previous reports demonstrated that self-measurement reflects target-organ damage better than does casual measurement of blood pressure. So far, investigators in Tecumseh and Ohasama studies have provided pilot data on prognostic value of self-measurements. Investigators in Ohasama study demonstrated that self-measurements predict cardiovascular morbidity and mortality and all-cause mortality better than do casual measurements of blood pressure. Investigators in Tecumseh study demonstrated that self-measurement can predict future development of sustained hypertension and of diastolic dysfunction. These preliminary results suggest that self-measurements have strong predictive power for endpoints and surrogate measures of cardiovascular target-organ damage. Conclusion. The final answer on the prognostic significance of self-measurement has not been given. Prognostic studies designed to compare casual measurement of blood pressure, self-measurement, and ambulatory blood pressure monitoring are needed. (C) 2000 Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)137-143
Number of pages7
JournalBlood Pressure Monitoring
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2000 Jul 13


  • Blood pressure
  • Morbidity
  • Mortality
  • Prognosis
  • Self-measurement
  • Target-organ damage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Assessment and Diagnosis
  • Advanced and Specialised Nursing


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