Prognostic significance of second-look laparotomy for surgically confirmed early-stage epithelial ovarian cancer: A multicenter retrospective study

Naoko Sato, Jun ichi Akahira, Takako Kitamura, Michiko Aoki, Kosuke Yoshinaga, Chikako Okamura, Hiroki Utsunomiya, Takao Shimizu, Hitoshi Niikura, Kiyoshi Ito, Kunihiro Okamura, Nobuo Yaegashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background. In the present study, we conducted a multicenter retrospective analysis to elucidate the prognostic significance of second-look laparotomy (SLL) in early-stage epithelial ovarian cancer that was confirmed by complete surgical exploration. Methods. In July 2001, 12 Japanese institutions received questionnaires regarding patients with early-stage epithelial ovarian cancer and SLL. Eligibility criteria included patients with stage I or II epithelial ovarian cancer who were surgically diagnosed between January 1988 and December 1997. Data were collected regarding age, performance status, tumor histologic subtype, stage, preoperative carbohydrate antigen (CA) 125 level, results of SLL if performed, recurrence, disease-free survival, and overall survival. Survival analyses and comparisons were performed by univariate methods. Results. There were 87 patients who met the eligibility criteria. There were no significant differences in the backgrounds of patients who had had SLL (n = 30) and the non-SLL group (n = 57). Of the 30 SLL-group patients, 28 had negative SLL findings and 2 had positive findings. Six and 5 patients in the SLL group and the non-SLL group, respectively, had recurrence (P = 0.177), and 4 patients in the SLL group had a recurrence after "negative" SLL findings. There was no significant difference between the two groups for either overall (P = 0.73) or disease-free survival (P = 0.273). On univariate analysis, only clear-cell histology was associated with a poor prognosis in early-stage epithelial ovarian cancer (P = 0.031). Conclusion. SLL is not beneficial for early-stage epithelial ovarian cancer. More favorable outcomes will be achieved for early-stage patients with the improvement of treatment for clear-cell adenocarcinoma.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)40-44
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Clinical Oncology
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Feb 1

Keywords

  • Multicenter study
  • Ovarian cancer
  • Prognostic factor
  • Second-look laparotomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Hematology
  • Oncology

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