Background: We aimed to elucidate the prognostic impact of anemia with special reference to the clinical background of patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). Methods and Results: We examined 4,646 consecutive patients with Stage C/D CHF registered in the Chronic Heart Failure Analysis and Registry in the Tohoku District-2 (CHART-2) Study (n=10,219). Among them, 1,627 (35%) had anemia and were characterized by higher age (74 vs. 66 years), lower estimated glomerular filtration rate (52.8 vs. 66.1 ml/min/1.73 m2) and higher B-type natriuretic peptide levels (154.5 vs. 81.8 pg/ml) (all P<0.001) but comparable left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF; 57.5 vs. 56.7%). Anemic patients were more frequently treated with diuretics (55.1 vs. 42.3%) but less often treated with β-blockers (45.4 vs. 51.1%) (both P<0.001). During a median follow-up of 3.8 years, 371 and 272 patients died with and without anemia, respectively (22.8 vs. 9.0%, adjusted hazard ratio 1.40; 95% confidence interval 1.15-1.71, P=0.001). Subgroup analysis revealed that the prognostic impact of anemia was comparable in terms of age, sex, renal function and double product, but differed by LVEF level and CHF etiology (both, P for interaction <0.001). In particular, a difference in the prognostic impact of LVEF level was noted in patients with ischemic heart disease. Conclusions: These results indicate that the prognostic impact of anemia is evident in CHF patients with preserved EF and it differs by CHF etiology.
- Heart failure
- Left ventricular ejection fraction
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine