Professional mechanical tooth cleaning method for dental implant surface by agar particle blasting

Hideaki Sato, Hiroshi Ishihata, Yutaka Kameyama, Ryokichi Shimpo, Satoshi Komasa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Oral dysfunction due to peri-implantitis and shortened life of implants has become a major concern. Self-care and removal of oral biofilms by professional mechanical tooth cleaning (PMTC) are indispensable for its prevention. However, if the surface roughness of the implant is increased, it may result in the adhesion of biofilm in the oral cavity. Therefore, the PMTC method can serve for long-term implant management. Calcium carbonate (CaCO3 ) has been used as a cleaning method for implant surfaces; however, there is concern that the implant surface roughness could increase due to particle collision. Therefore, in this study, to establish a blasting cleaning method that does not adversely affect the implant surface, a new blasting cleaning method using agar particles was devised and its practical application examined. When the simulated stains were blasted with white alumina (WA) abrasive grains and CaCO3 particles, the simulated stains were almost removed, the surface roughness changed to a satin-finished surface—which was thought to be due to fine scratches—and the surface roughness increased. Most of the simulated stains were removed on the surface of the sample blasted with glycine particles and agar particles. Conversely, the gloss of the sample surface was maintained after cleaning, and the increase in surface roughness was slight.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6805
Issue number22
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Nov 1


  • Abutment
  • Agar particle
  • Blasting
  • Oral implants
  • Peri-implantitis
  • Professional mechanical tooth cleaning
  • Surface roughness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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