Productivity of bahiagrass pastures in south-western Japan: Synthesis of data from grazing trials

M. Hirata, Y. Ogawa, N. Koyama, K. Shindo, Y. Sugimoto, M. Higashiyama, Shin-Ichiro Ogura, K. Fukuyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study examined the rate of herbage production and herbage quality of bahiagrass (Paspalum notatum Flügge) using data from five grazing trials in the low-altitude region of Kyushu, south-western Japan, in an effort to (a) evaluate productivity of bahiagrass pastures, (b) analyse its relationship to meteorological, vegetational and managerial variables, and (c) obtain implications for better management of bahiagrass pastures. The rate of herbage production, ranging from -56 to 213 kg DM ha -1 day -1 , tended to increase from spring (April-May) to mid-summer (July) and decrease thereafter. The rate was expressed by a multiple regression equation where nitrogen fertilizer rate, air temperature, rainfall and herbage mass had positive effects. Dry matter digestibility (DMD) and crude protein (CP) concentration of herbage were in the range of 471-727 and 84-161 g kg -1 DM respectively. DMD was expressed by a regression equation where the day number from 1 April and herbage mass had negative effects, and the sampling height and nitrogen rate had positive effects. CP concentration was expressed by an equation showing a positive effect of nitrogen rate and a negative effect of herbage mass. The results indicate that management of bahiagrass pastures should aim at maintaining herbage mass closely above the critical level below which intake by grazing animals is restricted, in order to increase quality and ensure quantity. This is particularly important when nitrogen fertilizer is applied.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)79-91
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Agronomy and Crop Science
Volume192
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Apr 1

Keywords

  • Bahiagrass (Paspalum notatum Flügge)
  • Crude protein
  • Digestibility
  • Herbage mass
  • Low-altitude region of Kyushu
  • Rate of herbage production

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Plant Science

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