Production of a fully waxy line and analysis of waxy genes in the allohexaploid crop, Japanese barnyard millet

T. Hoshino, T. Nakamura, Y. Seimiya, T. Kamada, G. Ishikawa, A. Ogasawara, S. Sagawa, M. Saito, H. Shimizu, M. Nishi, M. Watanabe, J. Takeda, Y. Takahata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


Foxtail millet, common millet and Japanese barnyard millet have traditionally been important food sources in East Asian countries. Although waxy types of foxtail and common millet have been identified, a waxy mutant of the allohexaploid crop Japanese barnyard millet has not yet been reported. However, several Japanese landraces have been identified that have approximately half the level of amylose found in other varieties. We employed one of the low amylose landraces, `Noge-Hie', to produce waxy Japanese barnyard millet using a γ-radiation treatment. The seeds from a single M2 plant stained red-brown with iodine solution, indicating the starch in the seeds lacked amylose. Colorimetric tests indicated that amylose was not present in endosperm tissue of the mutant, and analysis of starch granule bound proteins showed that waxy (Wx) protein was absent from the starch granules. The waxy trait was stably inherited in subsequent generations. Additionally, a PCR-based analysis demonstrated the presence of three separate waxy genes in the millet, and indicated that the low amylose landraces carry a deletion in one of these three genes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)349-355
Number of pages7
JournalPlant Breeding
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Aug
Externally publishedYes


  • Allohexaploid
  • Amylose
  • Gamma radiation
  • Japanese barnyard millet
  • Millet
  • Mutation
  • Waxy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Genetics
  • Plant Science


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