Production and secretion of two vasoactive peptides, adrenomedullin and endothelin-1, by cultured human adrenocortical carcinoma cells

Kazuhiro Takahashi, Ayako Yoshinoya, Osamu Murakami, Kazuhito Totsune, Shigeki Shibahara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The production and secretion of peptides by adrenocortical tumors have not been well studied. We therefore studied the production and secretion of two vasoactive peptides, adrenomedullin and endothelin-1 in SW-13 human adrenocortical carcinoma cells by radioimmunoassay and Northern blot analysis. Both immunoreactive-adrenomedullin and immunoreactive-endothelin were detected in the culture medium of SW-13 cells (27.7 ± 1.6 fmol/10 5 cells/24 h and 11.0 ± 0.8 fmol/10 5 cells/24 h, respectively, mean ± SEM, n = 6). Northern blot analysis showed the expression of adrenomedullin mRNA and endothelin-1 mRNA in SW-13 cells. On the other hand, no significant amount of calcitonin gene-related peptide, corticotropin-releasing hormone, neuropeptide Y, or urocortin was secreted by SW-13 cells. Treatment with ACTH (10-9-10-7 mol/l), angiotensin II (10-9-10-7 mol/l), or dexamethasone (10-8-10-6 mol/l) for 24 h had no significant effects on immunoreactive-adrenomedullin levels and immunoreactive-endothelin levels in the culture medium of SW-13. Treatment with tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α (20 ng/ml) increased significantly both immunoreactive-adrenomedullin levels and immunoreactive-endothelin levels in the culture medium. Interferon-γ (100 U/ml) increased the immunoreactive-endothelin levels, but not immunoreactive-adrenomedullin levels, whereas interleukin-1 (IL-1)β (10 ng/ml) increased immunoreactive-adrenomedullin levels, but not immunoreactive-endothelin levels. These findings indicate that SW-13 human adrenocortical carcinoma cells produce and secrete two vasoactive peptides, adrenomedullin, and endothelin-1 and that the secretion of these two peptides is modulated differently by cytokines. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Inc.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)251-256
Number of pages6
JournalPeptides
Volume21
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2000 Feb

Keywords

  • Adrenocortical tumors
  • Calcitonin gene-related peptide
  • Corticotropin-releasing hormone
  • Neuropeptide Y
  • Tumor necrosis factor
  • Urocortin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology
  • Endocrinology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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