Process stability and the recovery control associated with inhibition factors in a UASB-anammox reactor with a long-term operation

Qigui Niu, Shilong He, Yanlong Zhang, Haiyuan Ma, Yuan Liu, Yu You Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A UASB-anammox reactor was operated for 900days to study its process stability. The negative effects of free ammonia (FA) and free nitrous acid (FNA) were investigated over three separate inhibitions and recoveries. The IC10, IC50 and IC90 (inhibitory concentration/a 10%, 50% and 90% activity loss) of FNA and FA responding to the NH4+-N, NO2--N and TN removal efficiency were evaluated. In the 1st inhibition, the average FNA-IC10 observed was 0.67μgL-1 and the FA-IC10 for TN removal was 4.85mgL-1. In the 2nd inhibition, an FNA-IC10 of 0.44μgL-1 and an FA-IC10 of 3.56 were found. In the 3rd inhibition, however, both the FNA-IC10 and FA-IC10 were found to have increased, with values of 0.50μgL-1 and 4.42mgL-1, respectively. A clear control region was established for multiple inhibitions and the recoveries, which followed (pH 7.5-8.5, FA below 10mg/100mg NH4+-N and an FNA below 0.005mg/100mg NO2--N) for the purpose of optimizing the operation conditions of the UASB-anammox reactor.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)132-141
Number of pages10
JournalBioresource Technology
Volume203
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Mar 1

Keywords

  • Free ammonia
  • Free nitrous acid
  • Inhibition factors
  • Process recovery
  • UASB stability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Waste Management and Disposal

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