Problems on the rating of pattern goodness: An analysis by the semantic differential method and its correspondence to Imai's transformation structure theory

Jiro Gyoba, Isao Seto, Shin ichi Ichikawa

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    3 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    To investigate the internal criteria involved in pattern goodness rating, 20 subjects rated 48 dot-patterns on 25 semantic scales in which goodness was included as one scale. By principal factor analysis and varimax rotation, four factors were extracted. The first factor accounted for 51.8% of the total variance, on which coherency, regularity, and complexity scales had high factor loadings. The factor scores of stimulus patterns on this factor showed good correspondence to their cognitive transformation structures proposed by Imai(1977). The remaining three factors could be regarded as evaluation, activity, and potency in Osgood's (1957) terms. The goodness rating had a high loading on the first factor, also with fairly high loadings on the evaluation and the activity factor. Furthermore, principal component analyses of individual data revealed that the criteria in goodness rating had large individual differences. It is suggested that the psychological concept of pattern goodness has unique connotations and that without such a concept, the ratings of naive subjects will diverge.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)111-115
    Number of pages5
    JournalThe Japanese journal of psychology
    Volume56
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1985 Jan 1

    Keywords

    • cognitive processes
    • dot patterns
    • individual differences
    • pattern goodness
    • pattern perception
    • semantic differential method

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Psychology(all)

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