Pro-Oxidant Activity of an ALS-Linked SOD1 Mutant in Zn-Deficient Form

Chise Nagao, Kunisato Kuroi, Taiyu Wakabayashi, Takakazu Nakabayashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Cu, Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD1) is a representative antioxidant enzyme that catalyzes dismutation of reactive oxygen species in cells. However, (E,E)-SOD1 mutants in which both copper and zinc ions were deleted exhibit pro-oxidant activity, contrary to their antioxidant nature, at physiological temperatures, following denaturation and subsequent recombination of Cu2+. This oxidative property is likely related to the pathogenesis of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS); however, the mechanism by which Cu2+ re-binds to the denatured (E,E)-SOD1 has not been elucidated, since the concentration of free copper ions in cells is almost zero. In this study, we prepared the (Cu,E) form in which only a zinc ion was deleted using ALS-linked mutant H43R (His43→Arg) and found that (Cu,E)-H43R showed an increase in the pro-oxidant activity even at physiological temperature. The increase in the pro-oxidant activity of (Cu,E)-H43R was also observed in solution mimicking intracellular environment and at high temperature. These results suggest that the zinc-deficient (Cu,E) form can contribute to oxidative stress in cells, and that the formation of (E,E)-SOD1 together with the subsequent Cu2+ rebinding is not necessary for the acquisition of the pro-oxidant activity.

Original languageEnglish
JournalMolecules (Basel, Switzerland)
Volume25
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Aug 7

Keywords

  • ALS
  • copper
  • cytotoxicity
  • pro-oxidant activity
  • SOD1
  • zinc

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

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