Prior and real-time estimations of ground motions, tsunamis, and other geodynamic hazards

Takao Kagawa, Yusaku Ohta

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

In this research area, methodologies for prior predictions of potential hazards and real-time estimations of progressing hazards caused by earthquakes and volcanic eruptions are proved for disaster mitigation. The studies are based on the latest understanding of earthquake processes, volcanic activities, and the crustal structure. The studies have been conducted through the co-operation of the research fields of disaster pre-vention engineering and social science, in conjunction with the practical services of on-site works, to effec-tively provide the people with advance and immedi-ately prior predictions. Predicting hazard potentials with high accuracy is important to the planning of disaster countermeasures. The hazards include ground motions, tsunamis, and land slides due to earthquakes as well as flows of volcanic ash and lava from volcanic activities. Real-time estimation of hazards and simul-taneous transmission of the estimated results are also help in the mitigation of secondary hazards that fol-lowed the main disaster. Typical examples of the results are presented in this review paper.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)144-151
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Disaster Research
Volume15
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Earthquake ground motion
  • Geodynamic hazard
  • Prior prediction
  • Real-time estimation
  • Tsunami

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)

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