Primary structure and thermostability of bigeye tuna myoglobin in relation to those of other scombridae fish

Nobuhiko Ueki, Yoshihiro Ochiai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Citations (Scopus)


In the present study, the cDNA encoding myoglobin (Mb) of bigeye tuna Thunnus obesus was cloned and its amino acid sequence deduced in order to investigate the relationship between the primary structure and thermostability of scombridae fish Mb. An open reading frame of bigeye tuna Mb cDNA contained 444 nucleotides encoding 147 amino acids. The primary structure of bigeye tuna Mb was highly conserved when compared with those of bluefin tuna and yellowfin tuna Mb, the sequence identity being 95.2-100.0%. It also showed relatively high identity (82.3-89.1%) with the counterparts of scombridae fish. Myoglobin was then isolated from the dark muscle of four scombridae fish including bigeye tuna. Differential scanning calorimetry and circular dichroism measurements on these Mb revealed that the thermostability of bigeye tuna Mb was lowest and that of skipjack Katsuwonus pelamis Mb highest among the scombridae fish Mb examined. The α-helical contents of scombridae fish Mb at 10°C were in the range of 39.8-44.8%, clearly lower than that of horse Mb (55.3%), suggesting instability of fish Mb. The melting temperatures of these Mb fell in the range of 75.7-79.9°C, lower than that of horse Mb (84.2°C). These results strongly suggest the instability of fish Mb.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)875-884
Number of pages10
JournalFisheries Science
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Oct
Externally publishedYes


  • Bigeye tuna
  • Circular dichroism
  • Differential scanning calorimetry
  • Myoglobin
  • Primary structure
  • Scombridae
  • Thermostability
  • cDNA cloning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aquatic Science


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