Prevalence of hepatitis viral infection in dental patients with impacted teeth or jaw deformities

Yutaka Takata, Kazuhiro Tominaga, Toru Naito, Hideo Kurokawa, Kazuo Sonoki, Daisuke Goto, Masanori Wakisaka, Jinichi Fukuda, Makoto Yokota, Tetsu Takahashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective. The prevalence of infection with hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), hepatitis G virus (HGV), and transfusion-transmitted viruses (TTV) was evaluated in patients with impacted teeth or jaw deformities. Study design. Of 486 patients, 268 had serum samples available for retrospective TTV DNA and HGV RNA assays. In addition, the sera of 404 patients were assayed for HB surface antigen and the sera of 340 were assayed for HCV antibody. Results. HGV RNA was detected in 3 of 268 patients (1.1%), and TTV DNA was detected in 60 of 268 (22.4%). Of 404 patients, 3 had HB surface antigens (0.7%). Furthermore, 13 of 340 were HCV-seropositive (3.8%). The rate of infection was similar between patients with impacted teeth and those with jaw deformities, respectively, as follows: 1.1% versus 0%, respectively, for HBV prevalence; 4.1% versus 3.2% for HCV prevalence; 1.8% versus 0% for HGV prevalence; and 22.9% versus 21.4% for TTV prevalence. Conclusions. Universal precautions to prevent hepatitis and TTV infection during oral surgical procedures are important.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)26-31
Number of pages6
JournalOral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontics
Volume96
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Jul
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oral Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Dentistry(all)

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