Mice with chronic granulomatous disease (X-CGD mice) generated by mutating the X-linked gene for a subunit of NADPH oxidase have been analyzed for their ability to respond to intravenous injection of purified cobra venom factor (CVF). This agent in wild-type mice produces a neutrophil-dependent and catalase-sensitive form of lung injury. Lung injury was evaluated by measuring the accumulation of extravascular albumin. Quite unexpectedly, the lungs of X-CGD mice showed no difference in the increased accumulation of extravascular albumin after injection of CVF when compared to wild-type mice. In both X-CGD and wild-type mice, full development of injury required neutrophils. While catalase was highly protective in wild-type mice, its protective effects were completely lost in the X-CGD mice. Furthermore, a competitive antagonist of L-arginine, N(G)-methyl-L-arginine, was protective in X-CGD mice but not in wild-type mice. Allopurinol was protective in both types of mice. Both the basal and the CVF-inducible lung mRNA for inducible nitric oxide synthase and IL-1β was similar in X-CGD and wild-type mice. These data indicate that oxygen radical production and lung injury in response to injection of CVF occurs through alternative pathways in mice with genetic deletion of NADPH oxidase.
- chronic granulomatous disease
- hydroxyl radical
- lung injury
- nitric oxide
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