Presence and coexistence of putative neurotransmitters in carotid sinus baro- and chemoreceptor afferent neurons

Hiroyuki Ichikawa, Alexander Rabchevsky, Cinda J. Helke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

52 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The presence and coexistence of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP), calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), substance P (SP) and galanin (GAL) were studied in the petrosal and jugular neurons innervating the carotid body and carotid sinus of the rat. The retrograde labeling of the carotid sinus nerve with Fluoro-gold (FG) demonstrated that most (94.5%) FG-labeled ganglionic neurons were observed in the petrosal ganglion. Fewer (5.2%) FG-labeled neurons were seen in the jugular ganglion and very few (0.3%) were observed in the nodose ganglion. Immunohistochemistry revealed that subpopulations of TH-, VIP-, CGRP-, SP- and GAL-immunoreactive (-ir) neurons in the petrosal ganglion projected to the carotid sinus nerve. Approximately 4% of FG-labeled neurons contained TH-ir and were predominantly found in the caudal portion of the petrosal ganglion. Nearly 90% of total TH-ir neurons in the petrosal ganglion were labeled with FG. Less than 1% of FG-labeled neurons were immunoreactive for VIP in this ganglion. In the petrosal ganglion, 25% of FG-labeled neurons contained CGRP-ir, and 16.7% of FG-labeled neurons contained SP-ir. 30% of CGRP-ir or SP-ir neurons in the petrosal ganglion were labeled with FG. In the jugular ganglion, no TH- or VIP-ir neurons projected to the carotid sinus nerve and only small populations of CGRP- or SP-ir neurons projected to the carotid sinus nerve. Many FG-labeled and GAL-ir neurons were observed in the petrosal and jugular ganglia. The double-immunofluorescence method revealed the coexistence of CGRP- and SP-ir in carotid sinus nerve-projecting neurons in the petrosal and jugular ganglia. Likewise, GAL-ir coexisted with CGRP- and SP-ir in these ganglionic neurons. There was no coexistence of TH-ir and VIP-ir in carotid sinus nerve projections. The present study demonstrates the presence of multiple putative transmitters in baro- and chemoreceptor afferent neurons of the carotid sinus nerve. These neurochemicals are likely to contribute to transmission of signals from the carotid body and carotid sinus to neurons of the brainstem.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)67-74
Number of pages8
JournalBrain research
Volume611
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1993 May 14
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Carotid sinus nerve
  • Fluoro-gold
  • Neuropeptide
  • Petrosal ganglion
  • Rat
  • Tyrosine hydroxylase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Developmental Biology

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