Preparation, oxidation and magnetic properties of Fe-Cr ultrafine powders by hydrogen plasma-metal reaction

X. G. Li, A. Chiba, S. Takahashi, K. Ohsaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Four kinds of Fe-Cr ultrafine particle (UFP) samples were synthesized by a hydrogen plasma-metal reaction method. The UFP samples were examined by X-ray diffraction, electron transmission microscopy and chemical analysis and specific surface area analysis. The oxidation and magnetic properties of as prepared UFP samples were investigated. The crystal structure of Fe-Cr UFP samples is the same as that of the master bulk samples, but the Cr content in Fe-Cr UFP samples is richer than that in bulk samples. The characteristics of Fe-Cr UFP samples such as particle shape, mean particle size and specific surface area show strong dependence on the Cr content. Oxidation for the Fe-Cr UFP occurs easily at a temperature even lower than 473 K and the oxided Fe-Cr UFP samples change from a acicular shape into angular shape with increasing Cr content. Although the saturation magnetization of the UFP samples is smaller than that of the corresponding bulk samples, the difference in saturation magnetization between the two kinds of samples becomes small as the Cr content increases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)101-108
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials
Volume173
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1997 Sep 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Crystalline structure
  • Magnetism
  • Micrograph
  • Oxidation
  • Ultrafine particle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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