Preparation of soluble peptide from defatted soybean in the presence of base additives in hydrothermal condition and evaluation of its function

Masayoshi Wagatsuma, Atsumi Miyajima, Takaaki Yoshii, Masaru Watanabe, Taku Aida, Richard Lee Jr. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Antioxidant activity, Blood-pressure-lowering effect Denatured soluble proteins (DSP), or hydrothermal soluble proteins (peptides) were treated at hydrothermal conditions and their characteristics (foaming property, antioxidant activity and hypotensive effect) were evaluated. To enhance the yield of DSP, base additives and microwave heating were found to be effective. The maximum yield of DSP at 190°C by microwave heating in the presence of base additive for 1 h was 80% based on the original amount of protein in a defatted soybean. The peak of molecular weight distribution of DSP by GPC was around 10 kDa. The foaming ca pacity and foaming stability of DSP were higher than that of alkali soluble (60°C, 30 min, pH 8 NaOH solution) soybean protein. Antioxidant activity (AA) was 63% and that of commercially available soluble protein isolated (SPI) was 64%. AA is closely related to the order of amino acid polymerized (such as histidine, proline and hydrophobic amino acid) and thus DSP probably consisted of histidine and proline in its structure. Hypotensive effect of DSP was measured by angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibition effect and was found to be positive while IC 50 of DSP was 0.66 mg/L compared with 3.3 mg/L of SPI and thus DSP is superior to SPI in view of hypertensive effect.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)78-84
Number of pages7
Journalkagaku kogaku ronbunshu
Volume44
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 1

Keywords

  • Antioxidant activity
  • Base additives
  • Blood-pressure-lowering effect
  • Defatted soybean
  • Foaming capacity
  • Foaming stability
  • Hydrothermal reaction
  • Peptide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

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