Preparation of silica-coated AgI nanoparticles by an amine-free process and their X-ray imaging properties

Tetsuya Ayame, Yoshio Kobayashi, Tomohiko Nakagawa, Kohsuke Gonda, Motohiro Takeda, Noriaki Ohuchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

AgI nanoparticles coated with silica shell (AgI/SiO2) were prepared with an amine-free process, i.e. a modified Stöber method. A colloid solution of 3.9 × 10-4M AgI nanoparticles was prepared mixing silver perchlorate at 3.9 × 10-4M and potassium iodide at 7.8 × 10-4 M. A silica-coating was performed at 4.5 × 10-6M 3-mercaptopropyltrimethoxysilane, 0.1 × 10 -32.0 × 10-3M NaOH, 11-25M H2O, and 0.4 × 10-3-80 × 10-3M tetraethylorthosilicate (TEOS) in the presence of 1.0 × 10-4M AgI nanoparticles in ethanol. The AgI/SiO2 particles with a size of 53.2 ± 9.3nm and an AgI core size of 13.5 ± 4.2nm were prepared at 1.2 × 10 -3M NaOH, 15M H2O, and 4.0 × 10-3M TEOS. The AgI concentration of 1.0 × 10-4M in the as-prepared colloid solution was increased up to an AgI concentration of 0.32M by salting-out and centrifugation. The coreshell structure of AgI/SiO2 particles was undamaged, and the colloid solution was still colloidally stable, even after the condensation. The concentrated AgI/SiO2 colloid solution showed a high-contrast X-ray image, and its computed tomography value was 2908 ± 37 HU. Internal organs in a mouse could be imaged injecting the concentrated colloid solution into it.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)397-401
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the Ceramic Society of Japan
Volume119
Issue number1390
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Jun

Keywords

  • AgI
  • Core-shell
  • Nanoparticle
  • Silica
  • X-ray contrast agent

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Materials Chemistry

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