Preparation of SDC electrolyte thin films on dense and porous substrates by modified sol-gel route

Hongfei Lin, Changsheng Ding, Kazuhisa Sato, Yoshifumi Tsutai, Hiromichi Ohtaki, Mabito Iguchi, Chiharu Wada, Toshiyuki Hashida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)


Nanocrystalline fluorite type samarium doped ceria (SDC) electrolyte thin film for intermediate temperature-solid oxide fuel cells (IT-SOFCs) application were prepared on the dense and porous substrates at low temperatures of 573-1373 K using a novel citrate sol-gel route combined with a sol suspension spray coating technique. Thermogravimetric analysis showed that the decomposition of the citrate gel film and the initial crystallization of the SDC occurred at a low temperature of about 590 K. XRD examination revealed that the annealing of the green film at temperatures of 573-1373 K provided cubic nanocrystalline SDC phase. The crystallite sizes were in the range of 9-19 nm. Microscopic observations indicated that the derived film was homogeneous, dense and crack-free without pinholes. The desired thickness for preparation of thin electrolyte films from hundreds of nm to several μm should be controllable and feasible by repeating the simple and inexpensive citrate sol-gel spray coating process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)73-76
Number of pages4
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering B: Solid-State Materials for Advanced Technology
Issue number1-3
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Feb 25


  • Dense and no pinholes
  • Modified citrate sol-gel route
  • Nanocrystalline
  • SDC electrolyte thin film
  • Spray coating

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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