Preparation of magnetic Fe-Co alloy using texture controlled technique

Saori Honjo, Shiomi Kikuchi, Akimasa Sakuma, Shunji Ishio, Jeyadevan Balachandran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Microstructure and texture controlled 48Fe-52Co at% alloy was prepared by repeated cold-rolling and recrystallization through heat treatment at temperatures below order-disorder phase transformation using Fe and Co foils. Furthermore, distortion of controlled texture orientated cubic crystal structured 48Fe-52Co at% alloy along the 〈0 0 1〉 direction was attempted by introducing nitrogen interstitially through plasma nitriding. The textural analysis suggested that the microstructure is composed of micron-sized grains randomly aligned along rolling direction (RD). Furthermore, from the results of orientation distribution function (ODF), the dominance γ-fiber was confirmed in as-rolled samples. However, in recrystallized sample, the intensity of rotated-cube orientation increased while the presence of γ-fiber decreased. Furthermore, a complete rotated-cube orientation was realized in nitrided texture. The appearance of the prominent X-ray diffraction peak (2 0 0) in all samples indicated the presence of rotated-cube orientation. However, the FWHM of (2 0 0) peak of the nitrided sample was broader than the rest. This was attributed to the diffusion of nitrogen into the matrix during plasma nitriding and internal nitriding was confirmed from the EDX analysis. However, further investigation is necessary to understand the behavior of nitrogen. Magnetic properties of as-rolled 48Fe-52Co at% alloy inferred from in-plane magnetic hysteresis loops was similar Fe foil. Furthermore, magnetic properties of recrystallized and nitrided 48Fe-52Co at% alloy were different from Fe-Co particles or crushed bulk Fe-Co alloy prepared by arc melting. However, the internal diffusion of nitrogen was not adequate enough to bring about a considerable change in the magnetic properties. We believe that considerable crystal distortion to induce change in the magnetic properties can be exerted by introducing interstitial carbon and the addition of third or fourth elements.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)64-69
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials
Volume465
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Nov 1

Keywords

  • Cold rolling
  • Fe-Co
  • Magnetic property
  • Mechanical alloying
  • Microstructure
  • Rotated-cube orientation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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