Preparation of graphene-enhanced nickel-phosphorus composite films by ultrasonic-assisted electroless plating

Qian Yu, Tianfeng Zhou, Yonggang Jiang, Xing Yan, Zhonglie An, Xibin Wang, Deyuan Zhang, Takahito Ono

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

39 Citations (Scopus)


To improve the mechanical properties of nickel-phosphorus (Ni-P) mold material for glass molding, an ultrasonic-assisted electroless plating method is proposed for the synthesis of graphene-enhanced nickel-phosphorus (G-Ni-P) composite films on heat-resistant stainless steel (06Cr25Ni20). Graphene flakes are prepared by an electrochemical exfoliation method. The surface roughness of the as-plated G-Ni-P composite plating is Ra 2.84 μm, which is higher than that of the Ni-P plating deposited using the same method. After annealing at 400 ºC for 2 h, the main phase of the G-Ni-P composite is transformed to crystalline Ni 3 P with an average grain size of 32.8 nm. The Vickers hardness and Young's modulus of the G-Ni-P composite are increased by 8.0% and 8.2% compared with the values of Ni-P, respectively. The detailed plating process is of great significance for the fabrication of G-Ni-P mold materials with enhanced mechanical properties.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)617-625
Number of pages9
JournalApplied Surface Science
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Mar 30


  • Composite film
  • Electroless
  • Graphene
  • Nickel-phosphorus
  • Ultrasonic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films


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