Cylindrical glassy alloys with diameters up to 40 mm were prepared for a Pd40Ni10Cu30P20 alloy with a high reduced glass transition temperature (Tg/Tm) of 0.71 by water quenching the molten alloy in the quartz tube. The bulk glassy alloy with a diameter of 40 mm exhibits good metallic luster on the outer surface. Neither cavities nor voids are seen over the whole inner region and no contrast revealing a crystalline phase is seen over the transverse cross section. The glass transition temperature (Tg), crystallization temperature (Tx), the temperature interval of the supercooled liquid region (ΔTx=Tx-Tg) and the melting temperature (Tm) are measured to be 575, 95 and 804 K, respectively, for the Pd40Ni10Cu30P20 alloy with a diameter of 40 mm. The deviation of Cu content from 30 at%Cu in the Pd40Ni40-xCuxP20 system causes a steep increase in Tm and a decrease in Tg/Tm, leading to the decrease in the glass-forming ability. The successes of finding the new Pd-Cu base alloy composition with the large ΔTx and Tg/Tm values and preparing the bulk glassy alloy with a diameter of 40 mm are encouraging for the future development of glassy alloys.
- 40 mm diameter alloy
- Bulk glassy alloy
- High reduced glass transition temperature
- Large glass-forming ability palladium-nickel-copper-phosphorus system
- Water quenching technique
ASJC Scopus subject areas