Preparation and performances of high density Cu(In, Ga)Se3 ceramic targets

Xiaolong Li, Daming Zhuang, Ming Zhao, Zuolong Zhuang, Jiang Liu, Min Xie, Mingjie Cao, Liangqi Ouyang, Li Guo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Hot pressed sintering is used to fabricate CIGS targets with Cu2Se, In2Se3, and Ga2Se3 as raw powders. The influences of sintering temperature and sintering pressure on the phase structures, section morphology and composition of the target were studied. The results showed that chalcopyrite CuInSe2 is acquired at lower sintering temperature. With temperature increasing, Ga atom diffuses in CIS gradually and CIS converts into a homogeneous quaternary CIGS structure. Density of CIGS target enhances obviously by increasing the sintering pressure while the extension of sintering duration has no influence on the density. A CIGS target with a relative density more than 96% can be obtained at sintering temperature of 900°C and sintering pressure of 45 MPa.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2196-2199
Number of pages4
JournalTaiyangneng Xuebao/Acta Energiae Solaris Sinica
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Dec


  • Ceramic target
  • CIGS
  • Hot pressed sintering
  • Reaction mechanism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics


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