Preliminary estimation of the prevalence of chemotherapy-induced dysgeusia in Japanese patients with cancer

Hiroo Imai, Hiroshi Soeda, Keigo Komine, Kazunori Otsuka, Hiroyuki Shibata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Although dysgeusia is a common adverse event in chemotherapy patients; it has not been evaluated using objective methods, and its prevalence and frequency have not been quantified. Methods. Salt-impregnated taste strips were used to objectively assess dysgeusia in patients receiving chemotherapy at Akita University (n = 38) and those off chemotherapy (n = 9). Participant characteristics, and ongoing and previous chemotherapies were evaluated, and their associations with dysgeusia analyzed. Results: Dysgeusia developed in 38.8% (14/38) of chemotherapy patients, and was most prevalent in patients receiving 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) or its oral analogs (48.1%, 13/27). Particularly, dysgeusia developed in 55.6% (10/18) of patients receiving oral 5-FU analogs; however, prevalence in patients receiving and off chemotherapy was not significantly different. Patients aged ≥70 years also tended to experience dysgeusia (75.0%, 6/8). Conclusions: Association with dysgeusia may be higher for some chemotherapeutic drugs. Dysgeusia should be routinely assessed in chemotherapy patients with objective methods such as paper strips; interventions for its prevention may be required.

Original languageEnglish
Article number38
JournalBMC Palliative Care
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Oct 31
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Dysgeusia
  • Oral 5-fluorouracil analogs
  • Paper test strip
  • Quality of life
  • Taste alteration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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