Preferential solvation studied by the fluorescence lifetime of acridine in water-alcohol mixtures

Osamu Ito, Eiko Ito, Yuko Yoshikawa, Akira Watanabe, Hiroshi Kokubun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Fluorescence lifetimes (τF) of acridine have been measured in water-alcohol solvent mixtures at room temperature. The τF of acridine in pure water (11.5 ± 0.1 ns) was drastically decreased upon the addition of small amounts of alcohol; i.e. τF = 1.2 ± 0.01 ns in 0.5 mole fraction of ethanol in water and τF = 0.4 ± 0.01 ns in pure ethanol. The extent of the decrease in τF becomes more evident in the following order: methanol < ethanol < propan-1-ol. This is the order of increasing hydrophobic interaction between alcohols and acridine, suggesting that alcohol molecules preferentially solvate acridine in water. Such an observation has been discussed in terms of the degree of preferential solvation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)227-230
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of the Chemical Society - Faraday Transactions
Volume92
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1996 Jan 21

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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