Preferential CO oxidation in hydrogen-rich stream over Pt catalysts modified with alkali metals. Part II. Catalyst characterization and role of alkali metals

Hisanori Tanaka, Masatoshi Kuriyama, Yoichi Ishida, Shin ichi Ito, Takeshi Kubota, Toshihiro Miyao, Shuichi Naito, Keiichi Tomishige, Kimio Kunimori

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The addition of alkali metals over Pt/Al2O3 has both promoting and negative effects on the catalytic performance in the preferential CO oxidation in H2-rich stream (PROX), therefore there is an optimum amount of alkali metal. The Pt/Al2O3 catalysts modified with Na, K, Rb and Cs were characterized by means of transmission electron microscopy (TEM), extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS), X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES), and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). The results show that the addition of larger amount of alkali metals with stronger basicity causes the aggregation of Pt metal particles. The Pt particles on Pt/Al2O3 modified with alkali metals are more electron-deficient than those on Pt/Al2O3, and this weakens the strength of CO adsorption on Pt/Al2O3 modified with alkali metals, which is related to the enhancement of turnover frequency of the PROX. In addition, in situ FTIR observation suggests that the coadsorbed species originating from H2 and O2 (e.g., the OH species) under the PROX condition, which promote the CO oxidation, can be found on highly active catalysts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)125-133
Number of pages9
JournalApplied Catalysis A: General
Volume343
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Jul 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Alkali metals
  • FTIR
  • OH group
  • Platinum
  • Potassium
  • Preferential CO oxidation
  • X-ray absorption fine structure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Process Chemistry and Technology

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