Predictors of seminal vesicle invasion before radical prostatectomy

Yuzuri Tsurumaki, Kyoichi Tomita, Haruki Kume, Takuhiro Yamaguchi, Teppei Morikawa, Satoru Takahashi, Takumi Takeuchi, Tadaichi Kitamura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aim: To predict whether or not seminal vesicle invasion is present before radical prostatectomy, the relationships between clinical parameters and seminal vesicle invasion were analyzed. Methods: A review was conducted of 187 patients who had been clinically diagnosed with stages A2, B0, B1, B2 or C prostate cancer and who had undergone radical prostatectomy without neoadjuvant therapy. The parameters analyzed for potential predictors of seminal vesicle invasion before radical prostatectomy included age, clinical stage, serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level at biopsy, tumor differentiation of biopsy specimens and percentage of cancer positive cores by biopsy. For percentage of cancer positive cores by biopsy, 143 of 187 patients who underwent transrectal sextant biopsy or more than six transrectal ultrasound guided core biopsies were evaluated. These parameters were subjected to univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses to identify predictors for seminal vesicle invasion. Results: The median age was 66.8 years (range 51-77 years). Of 187 patients, 27 (14.4%) had seminal vesicle invasion confirmed pathologically. There were significant differences in all parameters except for age between patients with positive and negative seminal vesicle invasion on univariate analysis. Multivariate analysis revealed that serum PSA level, tumor differentiation of biopsy specimens and percentage of cancer positive cores were significant independent predictors of seminal vesicle invasion. Conclusions: The results showed serum PSA level, tumor differentiation of biopsy specimens and percentage of cancer positive cores by biopsy before radical prostatectomy may be useful predictors for seminal vesicle invasion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1501-1508
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Urology
Volume13
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Dec 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Predictor
  • Prostate cancer
  • Radical prostatectomy
  • Seminal vesicle invasion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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