Prediction of hydrocarbon yield from wet Botryococcus braunii: The influences of colony surface charge and diameter on the amount of extractable hydrocarbon

Shun Tsutsumi, Yasuhiro Saito, Yohsuke Matsushita, Hideyuki Aoki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A colonial microalga, Botryococcus braunii synthesizes extracellular polysaccharides (EPS) forming a sheath around its colonies, which limits the extraction of hydrocarbons from this microalga. As thermal or mechanical pretreatment of B. braunii improves the hydrocarbon yield, the EPS removal and degree of algal colony disruption before and after pretreatment were evaluated using zeta potential and particle size distribution (PSD) to predict hydrocarbon yield from the alga. Since zeta potential can evaluate the ionizable state of particles, the zeta potential of B. braunii would be able to evaluate the removal degree of EPS and this feature had the potential to determine hydrocarbon yield quickly. The zeta potential of algal samples without pretreatment was −30.5 mV at pH 9, whereas that with pretreatment ranged from −29.7 to −18.8 mV. The elevation of zeta potential and EPS removal had a linear relationship (R-squared value = 0.96). The hydrocarbon yields exponentially increased in proportion to the degree of colony disruption after mechanical treatments (R-squared value = 0.81). These findings suggest that the zeta potential and PSD of B. braunii may be used as indicators for EPS removal and hydrocarbon yield.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)50-58
Number of pages9
JournalFuel Processing Technology
Volume176
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jul

Keywords

  • Botryococcus braunii
  • Extracellular polysaccharide
  • Hydrocarbon extraction
  • Wet extraction
  • Zeta potential

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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