Prediction of Cerebral Aneurysm Hemodynamics With Porous-Medium Models of Flow-Diverting Stents via Deep Learning

Gaoyang Li, Xiaorui Song, Haoran Wang, Siwei Liu, Jiayuan Ji, Yuting Guo, Aike Qiao, Youjun Liu, Xuezheng Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The interventional treatment of cerebral aneurysm requires hemodynamics to provide proper guidance. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is gradually used in calculating cerebral aneurysm hemodynamics before and after flow-diverting (FD) stent placement. However, the complex operation (such as the construction and placement simulation of fully resolved or porous-medium FD stent) and high computational cost of CFD hinder its application. To solve these problems, we applied aneurysm hemodynamics point cloud data sets and a deep learning network with double input and sampling channels. The flexible point cloud format can represent the geometry and flow distribution of different aneurysms before and after FD stent (represented by porous medium layer) placement with high resolution. The proposed network can directly analyze the relationship between aneurysm geometry and internal hemodynamics, to further realize the flow field prediction and avoid the complex operation of CFD. Statistical analysis shows that the prediction results of hemodynamics by our deep learning method are consistent with the CFD method (error function <13%), but the calculation time is significantly reduced 1,800 times. This study develops a novel deep learning method that can accurately predict the hemodynamics of different cerebral aneurysms before and after FD stent placement with low computational cost and simple operation processes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number733444
JournalFrontiers in Physiology
Volume12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Sep 17

Keywords

  • cerebral aneurysm
  • deep learning
  • flow-diverting stent
  • hemodynamics
  • porous-medium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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