Predicting the transactivation activity of p53 missense mutants using a four-body potential score derived from Delaunay tessellations

Ewy Mathe, Magali Olivier, Shunsuke Kato, Chikashi Ishioka, Iosif Vaisman, Pierre Hainaut

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We describe a novel statistical scoring method based on a computational geometry approach to predict the functional impact (transactivation activity) of missense mutations in the DNA-binding domain (DBD) of the tumor suppressor TP53, which is the most frequently mutated gene in human cancer. Residual scores (RS) for each residue were calculated to reflect differences in the compositional preferences of four nearest-neighbor residues between mutant and wild-type proteins. The RS were then combined into a residual score profile (RSP) representing the RS values for all 194 residues in the DBD. Mutants were grouped into functional categories based on their transactivation activities experimentally measured in yeast functional assays using p53-response elements from eight different promoters. While these functional categories showed significant differences in average RS, the latter lacked resolution power to predict the transactivation activities of individual mutants. In contrast, using decision tree models, we found that the RSP predicted transactivation with an accuracy varying between 64.2% and 78.5% depending on the promoter. Lastly, we used the best model to predict the functional outcome of all missense mutants in the DBD of p53 and compared the predictions with their frequency of occurrence in human cancers. We found that mutants predicted as functional (F) accounted for ∼4% of all missense mutants found in cancers, while mutants predicted as nonfunctional (NF) represented ∼86% of the mutants. These results show that this computational approach provides a fast and reliable method for predicting the functional impact of p53 mutants associated with cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)163-172
Number of pages10
JournalHuman mutation
Volume27
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Feb 1

Keywords

  • Computational mutagenesis
  • Delaunay tessellations
  • Functional predictions
  • TP53 mutations
  • p53

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

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