Preclinical evaluation of podoplanin-targeted alpha-radioimmunotherapy with the novel antibody nz-16 for malignant mesothelioma

Hitomi Sudo, Atsushi B. Tsuji, Aya Sugyo, Mika K. Kaneko, Yukinari Kato, Kotaro Nagatsu, Hisashi Suzuki, Tatsuya Higashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The prognosis of advanced mesothelioma is poor. Podoplanin (PDPN) is highly expressed in most malignant mesothelioma. This study aimed to evaluate the potential alpha-radioimmunotherapy (RIT) with a newly developed anti-PDPN antibody, NZ-16, compared with a previous antibody, NZ-12. Methods: The in vitro properties of radiolabeled antibodies were evaluated by cell binding and com-petitive inhibition assays using PDPN-expressing H226 mesothelioma cells. The biodistribution of111 In-labeled antibodies was studied in tumor-bearing mice. The absorbed doses were estimated based on biodistribution data. Tumor volumes and body weights of mice treated with90 Y-and225 Ac-labeled NZ-16 were measured for 56 days. Histologic analysis was conducted. Results: The radiolabeled NZ-16 specifically bound to H226 cells with higher affinity than NZ-12. The biodistribution studies showed higher tumor uptake of radiolabeled NZ-16 compared with NZ-12, providing higher absorbed doses to tumors. RIT with225 Ac-and90 Y-labeled NZ-16 had a significantly higher antitumor effect than RIT with90 Y-labeled NZ-12.225 Ac-labeled NZ-16 induced a larger amount of necrotic change and showed a tendency to suppress tumor volumes and prolonged survival than90 Y-labeled NZ-16. There is no obvious adverse effect. Conclusions: Alpha-RIT with the newly developed NZ-16 is a promising therapeutic option for malignant mesothelioma.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2503
JournalCells
Volume10
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Oct

Keywords

  • Actinium-225
  • Improved efficacy
  • Molecular radiotherapy
  • Prolonged survival
  • Tumor volume reduction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Preclinical evaluation of podoplanin-targeted alpha-radioimmunotherapy with the novel antibody nz-16 for malignant mesothelioma'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this