Precise elemental and isotope ratio determination by simultaneous solution nebulization and laser ablation-ICP-MS: Application to U-Pb geochronology

Ingo Horn, Roberta L. Rudnick, William F. McDonough

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316 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have developed a procedure for precise in situ elemental and isotope ratio measurements by simultaneous solution nebulization and laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry, which can be applied to isotope and element ratio determinations (e.g., 6Li/7Li, 10B/11B, Ca/Sr and others) covering the entire mass range. Using a quadrupole mass spectrometer, our procedure yields precision of ≤ 2.0% (all errors are 2 sigma of the standard error) for 206Pb/238U and 207Pb/206Pb and ≤ 3% for 207Pb/235U in neo-Proterozoic or older zircons and baddeleyite with U contents ≥ 65-270 ppm. Importantly, this is accomplished without the use of an external calibration standard. We nebulize a solution containing known amounts of natural Tl and a 235U spike simultaneously with ablation of an unknown accessory phase. This allows precise mass discrimination correction of Pb/Pb as well as Pb/U in the ablated signal. Laser-induced elemental fractionation of Pb from U is observed to be a near function of the number of laser pulses (crater depth) and is inversely exponentially correlated with spot size. These systematics allow us to correct for elemental fractionation. Spots with diameters ≥ 150 μm show no appreciable Pb/U fractionation, whereas for 35 μm spots U becomes progressively depleted relative to Pb, with a factor of four increase in Pb/U over a 2-min ablation period. For the Harvard standard zircon, 91 500, we obtain a 206Pb/238U age of 1061 ± 4 Ma and a 207Pb/206Pb age of 1074 ± 8 Ma (TIMS age: 1065 Ma for 206Pb/238U, [Wiedenbeck, M., Alle, P., Corfu, F., Griffin, W.L., Meier, M., Ober, F., von Quant, A., Roddick, J.C., Spiegel, J., 1995. Three natural zircon standards for U-Th-Pb, Lu-Hf, trace element and REE analyses. Geostand. Newsl. 19, 1-23]); for the SHRIMP zircon standard, SL13, we obtain a 206Pb/238U age of 578 ± 10 Ma and a 207Pb/206Pb age of 595 ± 13 Ma (TIMS age: 572 Ma, [Claoue-Long, J.C., Compston, W., Roberts, J., Fanning, C.M., 1995. Two carboniferous ages: A comparison of SHRIMP zircon dating with conventional zircon ages and 40Ar/39Ar analysis. In: Geochronology Time Scales and Global Stratigraphic Correlation. SEPM Special Publication, pp. 3-21], 206Pb/238U age from SHRIMP: 580-565 Ma, [Compston, W., 1999. Geological age by instrumental analysis: The 29th Halmond Lecture. Mineralogical Magazine 63, 297-311]). The Phalaborwa baddeleyite is strongly reverse discordant yielding an upper intercept age of 2057 ± 8 Ma (TIMS age: 1 Ma, [Reischmann, T., 1995. Precise U/Pb age determination with baddeleyite (ZrO2), a case study from the Phalaborwa igneous complex, South Africa. S. Afr. J. Geol. 98, 98]; 2059.8 Ma, [Heaman, L.M., LeCheminant, A.N., Paragenesis and U-Pb systematics of baddeleyite (ZrO2). Chemical Geology 110, 95-126]) and a lower intercept at ~ 0 Ma. These results demonstrate that LA-ICP-MS is capable of dating accessory phases with precision and accuracy comparable to SHRIMP. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)281-301
Number of pages21
JournalChemical Geology
Volume164
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2000 Mar 27
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Isotope ratio
  • Laser ablation-ICP-MS
  • U-Pb geochronology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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