Prebending strain effect on CuNb/Nb3Sn superconducting wire during practical react-and-wind process

Gen Nishijima, Hidetoshi Oguro, Satoshi Awaji, Kazuo Watanabe, Kazumune Katagiri, Kazutomi Miyoshi, Shin Ichiro Meguro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


To demonstrate the applicability of the prebending strain effect to the R&W coil winding process, we have developed the prebent react-and-wind (R&W) process, which is the combination of the conventional R&W process and the prebending treatment. The superconducting and mechanical characteristics were investigated for CuNb/Nb3Sn superconducting wires which were picked up from the prebent R&W coil winding process. The results were compared with that of CuNb/Nb3Sn wires which were prebent manually using a prebending former. The prebending treatment using pulleys enhanced Ic more than the manual prebending treatment. This is explained qualitatively by a difference of the prebending strain distribution. The prebending strain distribution is plain symmetric and axis symmetric in cases of the manual prebending and the pulleyed prebending, respectively. The axis symmetrically distributed prebending strain reduces the residual strain more than the plain symmetrical one. The mechanical property was also enhanced. The slope of the stress-strain curve for the pulleyed prebent samples were steeper than that of as-heat-treated sample. The maximum Ic of the I c-strain curve was enhanced and the strain value corresponding to the maximum Ic shifted to smaller strain by the pulleyed prebending treatment. Though in the large stress region over 200 MPa, the I c-stress curves of pulleyed prebent samples and as-heat-treated sample were in good agreement, suggesting that the Ic enhancement effect by the prebending treatment was not beneficial, in the small stress region, it is quite beneficial.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1643069
Pages (from-to)1220-1223
Number of pages4
JournalIEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Jun


  • Critical current
  • CuNb/NbSn superconducting wire
  • Mechanical property
  • Prebending strain effect
  • React-and-wind process

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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