PRE-SUPERNOVA NEUTRINO EMISSIONS from ONe CORES in the PROGENITORS of CORE-COLLAPSE SUPERNOVAE: ARE THEY DISTINGUISHABLE from THOSE of Fe CORES?

Chinami Kato, Milad Delfan Azari, Shoichi Yamada, Koh Takahashi, Hideyuki Umeda, Takashi Yoshida, Koji Ishidoshiro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aiming to distinguish two types of progenitors of core-collapse supernovae, i.e., one with a core composed mainly of oxygen and neon (abbreviated as ONe core) and the other with an iron core (or Fe core), we calculated the luminosities and spectra of neutrinos emitted from these cores prior to gravitational collapse, taking neutrino oscillation into account. We found that the total energies emitted as ν¯e from the ONe core are ≲1046 erg, which is much smaller than ∼1047 erg for Fe cores. The average energy, on the other hand, is twice as large for the ONe core as those for the Fe cores. The neutrinos produced by the plasmon decays in the ONe core are more numerous than those from the electronpositron annihilation in both cores, but they have much lower average energies ≲1 MeV. Although it is difficult to detect the pre-supernova neutrinos from the ONe core even if it is located within 200 pc from Earth, we expect ∼9-43 and ∼7-61 events for Fe cores at KamLAND and Super-Kamiokande, respectively, depending on the progenitor mass and neutrino-mass hierarchy. These numbers might be increased by an order of magnitude if we envisage next-generation detectors such as JUNO. We will hence be able to distinguish the two types of progenitors by the detection or nondetection of the pre-supernova neutrinos if they are close enough (≲1 kpc).

Original languageEnglish
Article number168
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume808
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Aug 1

Keywords

  • stars: evolution
  • stars: massive
  • supernovae: general

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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