Pre-stack migration applied to GPR for landmine detection

Xuan Feng, Motoyuki Sato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

101 Citations (Scopus)


Detection of buried landmines by ground penetrating radar (GPR) normally suffers from very strong clutter that will decrease the image quality in GPR data. Problems are also encountered when imaging steeply dipping landmines by GPR. To solve these problems, we have developed a stepped-frequency continuous-wave array antenna ground penetrating radar system, called SAR-GPR, that can acquire common middle point multi-offset data. As an approximate solution to the general wavefield inversion problem, migration algorithms were used to refocus the scattered landmine information to improve signal-clutter ratio and re-construct the landmine image. Also, pre-stack migration was found to efficiently deal with the steeply dipping landmine problem. Before migration processing, subtracting antenna coupling was used. The SAR-GPR system was tested under two conditions. The first condition is designed to simulate inhomogeneous soil under rough ground conditions and the second condition is to simulate steeply dipping buried landmine. Very strong clutter in the GPR data was exhibited in the first condition. After prestack migration, strong clutter was efficiently suppressed and a high quality landmine image was re-constructed in both experiments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S99-S115
JournalInverse Problems
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Dec 1
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Signal Processing
  • Mathematical Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics


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