Pre-B-cell leukemia transcription factor 1 is a major target of promyelocytic leukemia zinc-finger-mediated melanoma cell growth suppression

K. Shiraishi, K. Yamasaki, D. Nanba, H. Inoue, Y. Hanakawa, Y. Shirakata, K. Hashimoto, S. Higashiyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Promyelocytic leukemia zinc-finger (PLZF) is a transcriptional repressor and tumor suppressor. PLZF is expressed in melanocytes but not in melanoma cells, and recovery of PLZF expression markedly suppresses melanoma cell growth. Several target genes regulated by PLZF have been identified, but the precise function of PLZF remains uncertain. Here, we searched for candidate target genes of PLZF by DNA microarray analysis. Pre-B-cell leukemia transcription factor 1 (Pbx1) was one of the prominently suppressed genes. Pbx1 was highly expressed in melanoma cells, and its expression was reduced by transduction with the PLZF gene. Moreover, the growth suppression mediated by PLZF was reversed by enforced expression of Pbx1. Knockdown of Pbx1 by specific small interfering RNAs suppressed melanoma cell growth. We also found that Pbx1 binds HoxB7. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction analysis demonstrated that repression of Pbx1 by PLZF reduces the expression of HoxB7 target genes, including tumor-associated neoangiogenesis factors such as basic fibroblast growth factor, angiopoietin-2 and matrix metalloprotease 9. These findings suggest that deregulation of Pbx1 expression owing to loss of PLZF expression contributes to the progression and/or pathogenesis of melanoma.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)339-348
Number of pages10
JournalOncogene
Volume26
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Jan 18

Keywords

  • Hox
  • Melanoma
  • PLZF
  • Pbx1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Cancer Research

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