Pravastatin, an HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor, is transported by rat organic anion transporting polypeptide, oatp2

Taro Tokui, Daisuke Nakai, Rie Nakagomi, Hiromu Yawo, Takaaki Abe, Yuichi Sugiyama

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81 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose. We previously demonstrated the HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor, pravastatin, is actively taken up into isolated rat hepatocytes through multispecific organic anion transporters. The present study examined whether a newly cloned organic anion transporting polypeptide (oatp2) transports pravastatin. Methods. We investigated functional expression of oatp2 in Xenopus laevis oocytes, to examine p14C] pravastatin uptake. Results. [14C] Pravastatin (30 μM) uptake into oatp2 cRNA-injected oocytes was 40 times higher than that of water-injected control oocytes. The oatp2-mediated pravastatin uptake was Na+-independent and saturable. The Michaelis-Menten constant was 37.5 ± 9.9 μM, a level comparable to that obtained in isolated rat hepatocytes in our previous study. As is the case with rat hepatocytes, the uptake of pravastatin (30 μM) was inhibited by 300 μM concentrations of taurocholate, cholate, bromosulfophthalein, estradiol-17β-glucuronide, and simvastatin acid, but not by para-aminohippurate. On the other hand, [14C] simvastatin acid (30 μM) uptake of oatp2 cRNA-injected oocytes was not significantly different from that of water-injected oocytes. Conclusions. The cloned oatp2 was identified as the transporter responsible for the active hepatocellular pravastatin uptake.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)904-908
Number of pages5
JournalPharmaceutical research
Volume16
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1999 Jun 30

Keywords

  • HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor
  • Hepatic transport
  • Organic anion transporter
  • Pravastatin
  • oatp2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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