Practical surgical indicators to identify candidates for radical resection of insulo-opercular gliomas

Tomohiro Kawaguchi, Toshihiro Kumabe, Ryuta Saito, Masayuki Kanamori, Masaki Iwasaki, Yoji Yamashita, Yukihiko Sonoda, Teiji Tominaga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Object. Maximum resection of gliomas with minimum surgical complications usually leads to optimum outcomes for patients. Radical resection of insulo-opercular gliomas is still challenging, and selection of ideal patients can reduce risk and obtain better outcomes. Methods. This retrospective study included 83 consecutively treated patients with newly diagnosed gliomas located at the insulo-opercular region and extending to the sylvian fissure around the primary motor and somatosensory cortices. The authors selected 4 characteristics as surgical indicators: clear tumor boundaries, negative enhancement, intact lenticulostriate arteries, and intact superior extremity of the central insular sulcus. Results. Univariate analysis showed that tumors with clear boundaries were associated with higher rates of gross-total resection than were tumors with ambiguous boundaries (75.7% vs 19.6%). Tumors with negative enhancement compared with enhanced tumors were associated with lower frequency of tumor progression (32.0% vs 81.8%, respectively) and lower rates of surgical complications (14.0% vs 45.5%, respectively). Tumors with intact lenticulostriate arteries were associated with higher rates of gross-total resection than were tumors with involved lenticulostriate arteries (67.3% vs 11.8%, respectively). Tumors with intact superior extremity of the central insular sulcus were associated with higher rates of gross-total resection (57.4% vs 20.7%, respectively) and lower rates of surgical complications (18.5% vs 41.4%, respectively) than were tumors with involved anatomical structures. Multivariate analysis showed that clear tumor boundaries were independently associated with gross-total resection (p < 0.001). Negative enhancement was found to be independently associated with surgical complications (p = 0.005), overall survival times (p < 0.001), and progression-free survival times (p = 0.004). Independent associations were also found between intact lenticulostriate arteries and gross-total resection (p < 0.001), between intact lenticulostriate arteries and progression-free survival times (p = 0.026), and between intact superior extremity of the central insular sulcus and gross-total resection (p = 0.043). Among patients in whom all 4 indicators were present, prognosis was good (5-year survival rate 93.3%), resection rate was maximal (gross-total resection 100%), and surgical complication rate was minimal (6.7%). Also among these patients, overall rates of survival (p = 0.003) and progression-free survival (p = 0.005) were significantly higher than among patients in whom fewer indicators were present. Conclusions. The authors propose 4 simple indicators that can be used to identify ideal candidates for radical resection of insulo-opercular gliomas, improve the outcomes, and promote maximum resection without introducing neurological complications. The indicators are clear tumor boundaries, negative enhancement, intact lenticulostriate arteries, and intact superior extremity of the central insular sulcus.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1124-1132
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of neurosurgery
Volume121
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Nov

Keywords

  • Glioma
  • Insulo-operculum
  • Oncology
  • Outcome
  • Surgery
  • Surgical indication

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Practical surgical indicators to identify candidates for radical resection of insulo-opercular gliomas'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this