Potential utilization of riverbed sediments by hydrothermal solidification and its hardening mechanism

Zhenzi Jing, Fangming Jin, Nakamichi Yamasaki, Hirotaka Maeda, Emile H. Ishida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)


Hydrothermal solidification of riverbed sediments (silt) has been carried out in a Teflon (PTFE) lined stainless steel hydrothermal apparatus, under saturated steam pressure at 343-473 K for 2-24 h by calcium hydrate introduction. Tobermorite was shown to be the most important strength-producing constituent of the solidified silt. A longer curing time or a higher curing temperature was shown to be favorable to the tobermorite formation, thus promoting strength development; however, overlong curing time (24 h) seemed to affect the strength development negatively. The hardening mechanism consisted of the crystal growth/morphology evolution during the hydrothermal process. The species dissolved from the silt were precipitated first as fine particles, and then some of the particles seemed to build up the rudimental morphology of calcium silicate hydrate (CSH) gel. The CSH gel, with precipitated particles, appeared to cause some reorganization within the matrix, which made the matrix denser and thus gave an initial strength development. Tobermorite, transformed inevitably from the CSH gel, reinforced the matrix with its interlocked structure, and thus further promoted the strength development.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1744-1750
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Environmental Management
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Apr 1


  • CSH gel
  • Construction material
  • Hydrothermal solidification
  • Riverbed sediment
  • Tobermorite

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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