Here, we describe the chemical synthesis of the complete sets of 18 novel 3- and 21-monosulfates and their double-conjugated form of tetrahydrocortisol (THF), tetrahydro-11-deoxycortisol (THS), and tetrahydrocortisone (THE) in the 5 α- and 5 β-series. The principal reactions involved are: (1) selective protection of a specific hydroxy group in substrates; (2) catalytic hydrogenation at C-5 of Δ4-3-ketosteroids with 10% Pd(OH) 2/C to yield 3-oxo-5 β-steroids and reductive allomerization with 10% Pd/C to yield 3-oxo-5 α-isomers; (3) reduction of the resulting 3-oxo-5 β- and 3-oxo-5 α-steroids to the corresponding 3 α-hydroxy-compounds with Zn(BH4)2 and K-Selectride®, respectively; and (4) sulfation of hydroxy groups at C-3 and/or C-21 in the tetrahydrocorticosteroid derivatives with sulfur trioxide-triethylamine complex.
- Catalytic reduction
- Sulfur trioxide-triethylamine complex
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Drug Discovery