An immunosuppressant tacrolimus (FK506) protects against neuronal damage following cerebral ischemia. On the other hand, the major physiological role of the immunophilin FK506-binding protein-12 (FKBP12) is a modulation of intracellular calcium flux. Since an increase in intracellular calcium concentration is a major mediator of ischemic neuronal death, we investigated the changes in FKBP12 following cerebral ischemia in the rat. We induced focal cerebral ischemia by intraluminal occlusion of the middle cerebral artery for 1 h, and global cerebral ischemia for 10 min by bilateral carotid artery occlusion combined with hypotension. The animals were killed at 4 h to 7 days after reperfusion. Immunohistochemistry was performed on paraffin sections using a monoclonal antibody raised against recombinant FKBP12. Immunoreactivity to FKBP12 in control brains was most pronounced in the CA1 subfield of the hippocampus and the striatum, the localization being primarily neuronal. Following focal ischemia, FKBP12 immunoreactivity decreased rapidly in the ischemic core by 4 h, but increased in surviving neurons in penumbra areas (4 h-7 days). Within an area of infarction, invading leukocytes and macrophages exhibited immunoreactivity to FKBP12 (3-7 days). Following global ischemia, FKBP12 immunoreactivity in CA1 neurons decreased after 1day, and then it was lost between 2 and 7 days, although many CA1 neurons showed a transient increase in FKBP12 at 2 days. No FKBP12 immunoreactivity was observed in reactive glial cells. Thus, FKBP12 declined in dying neurons, whereas FKBP12 was upregulated in less severely injured neurons. The findings suggest that (1) FKBP12 plays an important role in the process of neuronal survival and death following cerebral ischemia, and (2) FKBP12 is involved in inflammatory reactions that occur within an area of infarction. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.
- Cerebral ischemia
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience