Post-Newtonian approximation: Its foundation and applications

Hideki Asada, Toshifumi Futamase

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)


We discuss various aspects of the post-Newtonian approximation in general relativity. After presenting the foundation based on the Newtonian limit, we use the (3+1) formalism to formulate the post-Newtonian approximation for the perfect fluid. As an application we show the method for constructing the equilibrium configuration of non-axisymmetric uniformly rotating fluid. We also discuss the gravitational waves including tail from post-Newtonian systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)123-181
Number of pages59
JournalProgress of Theoretical Physics Supplement
Issue number128
Publication statusPublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


Dive into the research topics of 'Post-Newtonian approximation: Its foundation and applications'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this