To investigate the relation between the impairment of isovolumic relaxation and the regional wall motion in acute ischemia, the left ventricular pressure fall and regional myocardial motion were examined in the relaxation phase in dogs during both acute coronary artery occlusion (n = 12) and a regional coronary flow reduction (n = 6). Fifteen to 40 seconds after complete coronary artery occlusion or in the stable state after a regional coronary flow reduction by 70 to 90% of the control state, a shortening of the non-ischemic region at the early isovolumic relaxation phase (the post-endsystolic shortening) appeared, combined with lengthening of the ischemic region. In these situations, the logarithmic plots of the left ventricular pressure fall was composed of two components (time constant of early part [Ta] and at latter part [Tb]). Ta was greater than Tb (64.3±13.8 milliseconds vs. 36.6±10.4 milliseconds at 15 seconds after coronary occlusion, p < 0.01; 67.6±22.9 milliseconds vs. 45.1±17.5 milliseconds at flow reduction, p < 0.01) and the time constant at control (p < 0.01). These findings suggested that post-endsystolic shortening in the non-ischemic region played a role in a the non-uniformity of the left ventricular contraction and contributed to the impairment of the left ventricular pressure fall in acute regional ischemia, especially in early isovolumic relaxation.
- Ischemic heart
- Time constant
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)