BACKGROUND: Recently, simultaneous hepatectomy (Hx) and pancreaticoduodenectomy have been performed in the treatment of biliary tract cancer. Postoperative hepatic failure is a common and potentially fatal complication. The aim of this study was to examine the reduced rate of liver regeneration after 70% Hx alone or in combination with 70% pancreatectomy (HPx). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats underwent Hx or combined Hx and Px. The ratio of liver-body weight, labeling index of hepatocytes in vivo, and DNA synthesis of hepatocytes and/or Kupffer cells in primary culture were analyzed. RESULTS: The ratio of liver-body weight in HPx rats was found to be significantly lower than that in Hx rats from 12 hours to 72 hours after surgery. There was no difference in blood glucose or ALT levels between the two groups. An inhibitory effect on DNA synthesis was observed in cocultured hepatocytes and Kupffer cells when portal plasma obtained one hour after surgery was added. We further observed that conditioned medium of Kupffer cells stimulated by portal plasma obtained one hour after HPx inhibited DNA synthesis by hepatocytes. This effect was abolished after incubation at 56 degrees C for 30 min. CONCLUSIONS: These results clearly indicate the existence of a growth inhibitory factor in portal serum after HPx. This heat-labile growth inhibitory factor was released from Kupffer cells stimulated by portal plasma after HPx and appears to act on hepatocytes in a paracrine manner.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Nippon Geka Gakkai zasshi|
|Publication status||Published - 2001 Feb|
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