Studies were performed to test the hypothesis that reactive oxygen species (ROS) and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) contribute to the pathogenesis of aldosterone/salt-induced renal injury. Rats were given 1% NaCl to drink and were treated with one of the following combinations for 6 weeks: vehicle (0.5% ethanol, SC, n=6); aldosterone (0.75 μg/H, SC, n=8); aldosterone plus a selective mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist; eplerenone (0.125% in chow, n=8); aldosterone plus an antioxidant; and tempol (3 mmol/L in drinking solution, n=8). The activities of MAPKs, including extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK)1/2, c-Jun-NH2-terminal kinases (JNK), p38MAPK, and big-MAPK-1 (BMK1) in renal cortical tissues were measured by Western blot analysis. Aldosterone-infused rats showed higher systolic blood pressure (165±5 mm Hg) and urinary excretion of protein (106±24 mg/d) than vehicle-infused rats (118±3 mm Hg and 10±3 mg/d). Renal cortical mRNA expression of p22phox, Nox-4, and gp91phox, measured by real-time polymerase chain reaction, was increased in aldosterone-infused rats by 2.3, 4.3, and 3.0-fold, respectively. Thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARS) content in renal cortex was also higher in aldosterone (0.23±0.02) than vehicle-infused rats (0.09±0.01 nmol/mg protein). ERK1/2, JNK, and BMK1 activities were significantly elevated in aldosterone-infused rats by 3.3, 2.3, and 3.0-fold, respectively, whereas p38MAPK activity was not changed. Concurrent administration of eplerenone or tempol to aldosterone-infused rats prevented the development of hypertension (127±2 and 125±5 mm Hg), and the elevations of urinary excretion of protein (10±2 and 9±2 mg/day) or TBARS contents (0.08±0.01 and 0.11±0.01 nmol/mg protein). Furthermore, eplerenone and tempol treatments normalized the activities of ERK1/2, JNK, and BMK1. These data suggest that ROS and MAPK play a role in the progression of renal injury induced by chronic elevations in aldosterone.
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - 2004 Apr|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine