The possibility of tritium self-sufficiency in a low aspect ratio (low-A) tokamak reactor with the outboard blanket only has been studied to simplify the inboard structure located in a high magnetic field. The tritium breeding ratio (TBR) of the outboard blanket increases by applying a neutron multiplier such as lead and beryllium to the inboard reflector. The effect in local TBR of a 40 cm thick inboard reflector of lead is about 40% that of the inboard breeding blanket. The local TBR of a reactor with both the lead inboard reflector and outboard blanket using a Li2O breeder and a beryllium multiplier can be larger than 1.35 for aspect ratios less than 2.9. The local TBR of 1.35 satisfies the net TBR requirement of 1.05 where there is 78% coverage of the breeding zone over the total plasma-facing surface area. The result indicates there is a design solution achieving tritium self-sufficiency even in a low-A tokamak reactor with the outboard breeding blanket only, using an appropriate inboard reflector. Be12Ti and Li2TiO3 are recommended from the viewpoint of safety. In the combination, the aspect ratio is required to be less than 1.35 to achieve local TBR of 1.35.
- Aspect ratio
- Tritium breeding ratio
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Civil and Structural Engineering
- Nuclear Energy and Engineering
- Materials Science(all)
- Mechanical Engineering